Saturday, February 12, 2011

Shankara-Digvijaya about the time of Matsyendra Nath

'Shankara Digvijaya' about the time of Matsyendranath

"Sri Vidyaranya coming five centuries after Shankara Bhagavatpada was the 12th Jagadguru of the Sringeri Sharada Peetham from 1380 to 1386 A.D... Sri Vidyaranya was a great force in the regeneration of our spiritual, moral and cultural values. He built temples at Sringeri and Hampi and established Mutts to propagate Vedanta. He was not only a sage and empire builder, but also a savant and a scholar par excellence."

"Madhaviya Shankara Vijaya is the work of Sri Vidyaranya. The Madhaviya Shankara Vijayam is the most popular and widely accepted account of Sri Adi Shankara’s life... Because of its high poetic merit and objectivity, it is considered the best for recitation during Shankara Jayanti."

Shankara Digvijaya summary of the complete text (part3)

Shankara Digvijaya verses 77-100


When Adi Shankara declared his decision of entering the dead body of King Amaraka to learn Kama Shastra, his disciple Padmapada put forward the following argument to dissuade him.
"There is nothing unknown to you, O Omniscient Guru. Yet out of love and devotion, let me say a few words. Thousands of years ago, in ancient times, a great yogi named Matsyendra, entered the fresh corpse of a dead king, leaving his own body in the care of his disciple yogi Gorakhnath. Gradually the king became immersed in sensual pleasures and the company of women and soon forgot his life as a Yogi. His knowledge of advanced yoga and samadhi was lost in oblivion. Goraksha, when he came to know of his master's sad plight, decided to save him. Gorakhnath carefully preserved his masters body in a hidden cave and appeard in the court of the king, disguised as a dance instructor. He attracted the king's attention and made him remember the yoga of Kaya Sadhana. The memories of Yoga cured the king of his thirst for sense enjoyments. After regaining his lost yogic power, Matsyendra left the king's body and reentered his own. So, beware of the strong irresistable power of sense attraction."
To which Shankara replied,
"In one, who is immersed in non-duality and dispassion, the desire of pleasure does not arise. The celibacy of one who is established in the yogic practice of Vajroli, remains unbroken. One who is without Samkalpa, may live in samsara and yet be unaffected by it. All fruits of karma are without effect for him, who has realised the world as a mere appearence..... Fear not. Even if I indulge in sexual love in this body, no evil will result from it. But the world may be misled if I set such an example of a monk indulging in sensual pleasure. So, my proposal is to gain the experiences of sex-life through the body of another person, whose dead-body I will enliven temporarily by para-kaya-pravesha."